exclusion

exclusion
exclusion, social exclusion
A process by which individuals or households experience deprivation , either of resources (such as income), or of social links to the wider community or society. During the 1980s, the language of social exclusion came increasingly to be used alongside (and sometimes to replace) that of poverty , especially in discussions of social policy in Europe. It is not immediately obvious what is gained by this shift in terminology, since the former concept is no less controversial than the latter, and is commonly used to refer to the same cluster of social problems associated with (for example) unemployment , low income, poor housing, deficient health, or social isolation.
At least three broad and overlapping usages have emerged in this context. The first of these defines social exclusion in relation to social rights and to the barriers or processes by which people are prevented from exercising these. This understanding of the term leads researchers readily into discussions of civil society and to modern notions of citizenship . A second strand in the literature reveals a broadly Durkheimian frame of reference. Here, authors conceptualize social exclusion as a state of social or normative isolation from the wider society, and refer this to related notions such as those of anomie and so to problems of social integration . Finally, the term has been applied to situations of extreme marginalization , especially in the setting of multi-cultural societies . See also closure.

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

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  • exclusion — [ ɛksklyzjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1486; esclusion av. 1350; lat. exclusio 1 ♦ Action d exclure qqn (en le chassant d un endroit où il avait précédemment sa place, ou en le privant de certains droits). ⇒ élimination, expulsion, 1. radiation. Prononcer l… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Exclusion — sociale L exclusion sociale est la relégation ou marginalisation sociale de personnes, ne correspondant pas ou plus au modèle dominant d une société. Elle n est généralement ni véritablement délibérée, ni socialement admise, mais constitue un… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • exclusion — ex·clu·sion /ik sklü zhən/ n 1: the act of excluding or state of being excluded; specif: refusal of entry into the U.S. by immigration officials review of deportation and exclusion orders compare deportation 2: something that excludes or is… …   Law dictionary

  • exclusion — Exclusion. s. f. Declaration par laquelle on exclud, ou l on est exclus de quelque honneur, charge, dignité, pretention, assemblée, &c. Donner l exclusion à quelqu un. il donna sa voix pour l exclusion d un tel. travailler à l exclusion. briguer… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • exclusion — ex‧clu‧sion [ɪkˈskluːʒn] noun [countable] 1. INSURANCE a particular event or risk that is mentioned in an insurance policy as something that the policy does not cover; = EXCEPTION: • Common exclusions in medical insurance policies are pregnancy …   Financial and business terms

  • Exclusion — Ex*clu sion, n. [L. exclusio: cf. F. exclusion. See {Exclude}.] 1. The act of excluding, or of shutting out, whether by thrusting out or by preventing admission; a debarring; rejection; prohibition; the state of being excluded. [1913 Webster] His …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • exclusión — sustantivo femenino 1. Acción y resultado de excluir: Nadie entiende su exclusión del concurso. La exclusión de este producto del mercado se debe a su mala calidad sanitaria …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • exclusion — has become the offically used word in education for what used to be called, rather more dramatically and with stronger physical implications, expulsion. Similarly, a school pupil is said to be excluded rather than (as formerly) expelled. But the… …   Modern English usage

  • exclusion — [eks klo͞o′zhən, iksklo͞o′zhən] n. [ME exclusioun < L exclusio < pp. of excludere] 1. an excluding or being excluded 2. a thing excluded to the exclusion of so as to keep out, bar, etc. exclusionary adj …   English World dictionary

  • exclusion — c.1400, from L. exclusionem (nom. exclusio), noun of action from pp. stem of excludere (see EXCLUDE (Cf. exclude)) …   Etymology dictionary

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